Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D.Don) Soo belongs to the family Orchidaceae. The plant is known worldwide for its various uses. Dactylorhiza hatagirea is considered as an important aphrodisiac and is employed for enhancing male fertility and virility and to enhance performance . Therefore, it can be found in some products as testosterone enhancing nutrient.
Dactylorhiza hatagirea is also widely used to cure dysentery, diarrhoea, chronic fever, cough, stomachache, wounds, cuts, burns, fractures and general weakness .
Aphrodisiac and Testosterone Enhancing Properties of Dactylorhiza Hatagirea
The use of Dactylorhiza hatagirea is quite common in traditional medicine, however there is lack of scientific research to back its aphrodisiac properties. A study in male rats  reported an increase in testosterone concentrations from 2.33 ng/mL ti 9 ng/mL after recieving Dactylorhiza hatagirea root extract. Animals were given a daily dose of 200 mg/kg b.w. aqueous solution for 28 days. Increased libido was also suggested by evident increase in sexual parameters like mount, intromission and ejaculatory frequency as well as latency.
A study by Mayank  and colleagues compared libido enhancing properties of Dactylorhiza hatagirea against some other ayurvedic herbs (Chlorophytum borivilianum, Asparagus racemosus Willd, Curculigo orchioides). It seems that Curculigo orchioides and Chlorophytum borivilianum are more potent than Dactylorhiza hatagirea in increasing penile erection. Sperm count did not differ much between herbs and was about 30% higher than before treatment.
Dactylorhiza Hatagirea Side Effects
The safety of this herb is not known due to lacking studies.
- Manandhar, N. P. “Some endangered medicinal plants of Nepal.” Ancient science of life 9.4 (1990): 231.
Pant, Shreekar, and Tsewang Rinchen. “Dactylorhiza hatagirea: A high value medicinal orchid.” J Med Plants Res 6.19 (2012): 3522-4.
Thakur, Mayank, and V. K. Dixit. “Aphrodisiac activity of Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D. Don) Soo in male albino rats.” Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 4.Suppl 1 (2007): 29-31.
Thakur, Mayank, and V. K. Dixit. “Effect of some vajikaran herbs on pendiculation activities and in vitro sperm count in male.” Sexuality and Disability 25.4 (2007): 203-207.